6. Rhamnus Linn., Sp. Pl. ed. 1:193. 1753. Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 1:377. 1862; Lawson in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 1:638. 1875; Talbot, For. Fl. Bomb. Pres. Sind 300: 1911; Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bomb. 1:259. 1902; Bamber, Pl. Punj. 10. 1916; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. ed. 2, 87. 1921; Collett, Fl. Simi. 1921; Grubov in Shishkin, Fl. URSS 14: 645. 1949; Davis, Fl. Turk. 2:526. 1966; Browicz & Zielinski in Rech. f., Fl. Ir. 125. 14. 1977.
M. QAISER AND S. NAZIMUDDIN
Deciduous or evergreeen shrubs or small trees, usually much branched, thorny or unarmed. Leaves mostly alternate, rarely opposite, entire, or crenate, petiolate, stipules small deciduous. Inflorescence of axillary fascicles, umbel or simple or branched racemes. Flowers 4-5 merous, unisexual, or hermaphrodite, small, greenish or yellowish to whitish in colour, sessile or pedunculate. Calyx 4-5 fid, tube urceolate, lobes keeled within. Petals 4-5, inserted at the edge of the disc, absent or rarely cucullate or flat. Disc thin and lining the calyx tube only. Stamens 4-5, filaments very short. Style 2-4-fid or undivided, ovary free, 3-4 celled. Fruit a drupe, fleshy or dry, pyrenes, 2-4 celled, dehescent or indehescent, 1-seeded, oblong or globose.
A fairly large genus of 160 species, cosmopolitan in distribution. Represented in Pakistan by 6 species only.
Rhamnus minuta Grubov in Bot. Mat. Gerb. Inst. An SSSR. 12. cum tab. 1949.
Based on one specimen collected from Chitral, Wendelbo Nytt. Mag. Bot. 1:45. 1952) and R.R. Stewart (l.c.) have reported this species. I have neither seen this specimen nor any other authentic specimen of this taxon from Pakistan. Furthermore this species is closely related to R. prostrate Jacq. ex Parker which is commonly found in Chitral, therefore this record may have been based on misidentification.
1. Rhamnus punctata Boiss., l.c.
2. Rhamnus spathulifolia Fisch. & Mey., Ind. Gen. Hort. Petrop. 4:46. 1835.
Blatter & Hallberg (1919) identified the specimens collected by Hotson from Baluchistan as Rhamnus punctata Boiss. and R. spathulifolia Fisch. & Mey. We have not seen any authentic specimens of these species.