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Pakistan | Family List | Loranthaceae | Viscum

Viscum album Linn., Sp. Pl. 1023. 1753. Boiss., l.c.; Hook. f., l.c.; Collett, 1. C. 440; Brandis, l.c.; Bamber, Pl. Punj. 70. 1916; Parsa, l.c.; Parker, l.c. 437; P.W. Ball in Tutin et al, l.c.

Vern.: “Perbikh”.

  • Viscum stellatum Buch-Ham. ex D. Don

    Plant shrubby, yellowish-green; stem jointed, dichotomously branched, swollen at the nodes. Leaves sessile, elliptic to oblanceolate or obovate, 2.5-7 cm long, 0.5-3.5 cm broad, entire, obtuse, 3-5-nerved. Flowers sessile, in 3-5 flowered fascicles; bracts 2, concave, 2 mm long, obtuse, ciliate. Perianth lobes 3-4, free, 1 mm long, triangular, thick, deciduous. Anthers 4, dehiscing by numerous pores. Ovary. 2 mm long, obovoid; stigma 1 mm long, conical. Berry c. 1 cm broad, globose; seed 5-6 mm long, embedded in a white viscid pulp.

    Fl. Per.: March-May.

    Type: Described from Europe.

    Distribution: Europe, N. Africa, N. and W. Asia, Japan, India, Afghanistan and W. Pakistan.

    The Mistletoe is found in the hills of W. Pakistan up to 3000 m alt. s.m. Parasitic on Horse-chestnut, Willow, Apricot, Poplar and Walnut. During winter when the berries ripen the plants are sold as Christmas decorations.


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