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Pakistan | Family List | Rutaceae | Citrus

Citrus aurantium Linn., Sp. Pl. 782. 1753. Hook. f., l.c.; Bailey, l.c. 782; Kashyap, l.c. 61; Tanaka, l.c.; Townsend, Fl. Turk., l.c. 508; id. in Fl. Eur. l.c. 230; Stewart, l.c. 436.

  • Citrus aurantium var. bigaradia Hook f.
  • Citrus bigaradia Risso et Poit.

    Tree, 7-8 m tall, spines axillary and sharp. Leaves 50-115 x 30-55 mm, elliptic; petiole winged, wings obovate. Flowers bisexual, 1-few, in axillary cymes. Petals fleshy and glandular. Stamens 20-24. Fruit globose, 7 x 7.5 cm, flattened at the base and apex; rind when ripe, glandular and rough. Axis hollow. Pulp bitter-acidic.

    Fl. Per.: March-April. Fr. Per.: Oct.-Nov.

    Type: Probably described from China.

    The bitter or Seville Orange is seldom cultivated in Pakistan. Mostly used as a rootstock in grafting other citrus species; the fruit may be used for marmalades.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M.Y. Saleem)
  • Illustration

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