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Pakistan | Family List | Anacardiaceae | Spondias

Spondias pinnata (L.f) Kurz, Prelim. Rep. Pegu. App. A-44. B42. 1875. Bor, Man. Ind. For. Bot. 267.1953; W. Meijer, l.c.23.

Vern.: ‘Amra, Ambara’.


  • Mangifera pinnata L.f.
  • Spondias mangifera Willd.

    Leaflets 7-11, elliptic or elliptic oblong, lateral nerves 10-20 pairs, joined by a prominent intra-marginal nerve. Flowers bi-or unisexual, small. Disk 10-lobed, fleshy. Drupe 30-40 mm long, ovoid, yellow. Endocarp (stone) woody, fibrous, irregularly furrowed. Seeds 1-3.

    Fl. Per.: March-April.

    Type: Described from Koenig specimens collected in India.

    Distribution: Salt Range (Jhelum Dist.:) and the sub-himalayan tract eastward. Widely cultivated in Indo-Malesia, Nepal, Thailand, India and Sri Lanka.

    The above species description is taken from the account given by Brandis (l.c.) and Parker (l.c.).

    The ‘Hog plum’ has been reported from the Salt Range by J.L. Stewart & Brandis (l.c.) and by Parker (l.c.). It is more common in the sub-Himalayan tract from the Chenab eastwards. Resembles Lannea coromandelica, from which it differs in the prominent marginal nerves of the lamina (absent in Lannea) and the fissured and not scaly bark (scaly or smooth in Lannea). Cultivated in the Jinnah Gardens, Lahore, Punjab.


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