M. QAISER & SAOOD OMER
Viola arenaria DC.
Perennial, pubescent or subglabrous, upto 10 cm high herb. Roots cylindric, branched. Stem absent or weak, base of stem covered with remains of leaves. Leaves 0.5-0.3 x 0.5-2.5 cm, orbicular or ovate rounded, cordate or notched at base, obtusish, crenate, hairy, with reddish-brown colour glands, petiolate, petiole of basal rosette upto 2.5 cm, 0.5-1.0 cm of upper leave petioles. Stipules 0.2-1.5 x 0.1-02 cm, lanceolate, acuminate, fimbriate to dentate-ciliate, slightly adnate. Peduncle mostly hairy, upto 4.0 cm long; bracteoles 2, opposite or subopposite, above the middle of the peduncle, acute to acuminate, setaceous. Flowers small, 1.0-1.5 cm long, violet. Sepals 5.0-8.0 x 1.0-2.0 cm, lanceolate-ovate, acute, slightly pubescent, entire-subentire. Petals obovate, obtuse, cuneate, entire, lateral bearded, lower slightly small. Spur prominent, small c. 3-4 mm long, straight, obtuse. Ovary ovate, 2.0 x 1.0 mm, glabrous; style 2.5 x 0.5 mm, papillose at summit; stigma beaked pointing upward. Capsule sub-glabrous, c. 7.0 mm long.
Fl. Per.: May-July.
Type: Described from Bohemia.
Distribution: Eurasia. Most of Europe, Asia minor, Central Asia, Afghanistan and Pakistan.