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Pakistan | Family List | Combretaceae | Terminalia

Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb., Pl.Corom. 2:54.t.198. 1805. Miq.,Fl.Ind.Bat. 1,1.600. 1855; Clarke in Hook.f.,Fl.Brit.Ind. 2.445.1878; Cooke, l.c.508; Parker, l.c.; R.R.Stewart, Ann.Cat.Vas.Pl.W.Pak.& Kashm. 502.1972.

  • Myrobalanus bellirica Gaertn.
  • Terminalia bellerica var. laurinoides Clarke
  • Terminalia punctata Roth

    A large deciduous tree, 12-50 m tall with ashy bark, often with a bluish ting. Leaves alternate or fascicled at the end of branches, elliptic or elliptic obovate, alternate at both ends, puberoulous when young, glabrous on maturity, coriaceous, dotted, entire, acute or acuminate or rounded 8-20 x 7.5-15 cm, petiole 2.15 cm long, eglandular. Spikes axillary, loosely arranged, 5-15 cm long with pubescent floral axis. Flowers greenish yellow, 5-6 mm across, sessile, upper flowers of the spike male, lower flowers bisexual; bracteoles minute caducous. Hypanthium 2-2.5 mm long, densly tomentose outside, densly villous with long brown hairs inside, expanded upward in 5 recurved, triangular calyx lobes, lobes c 1.5 mm long. Stamens 3-4 mm long, anthers c. 1 mm long inserted on the hypanthium, epigynous. Disc intrastaminal, densly hairy. Style glabrous, fulvous, c. 4 mm long, ovary c. 2 mm long. Fruit obovoid 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, covered with minute pale pubescence, stone very thick, indistinctly 5 angled.

    Type: Myrobalanus bellirica Gaertn. Fruct. et. Sem. Plant. 2:90.t. 97,f.a-d.1791.

    Distribution: Ceylon, Burma, Indo-china, Siam, Malayan peninsula, India and Pakistan.

    Grows wild in sub-himalayan tracts from Rawalpindi to eastwards. The wood is not very durable and the fruit is used in dyeing and tanning.


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