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Pakistan | Family List | Sapotaceae | Chrysophyllum

1. Chrysophyllum cainito L., Sp. Pl. 192. 1753. DC., Prodr. 8:157. 1844; Vink , l.c. 26.


Trees up to 20 m high, branches glabrescent. Leaves oblong-obovate, petiolate. Inflorescence 5-30-flowered, axillary. Flowers small, pedicellate. Bracteoles circular. Calyx 5-lobed, lobes ovate, apex obtuse to rounded, hairy within. Corolla 5-lobed, lobes ovate, margins glabrous. Stamens 5; filaments deltoid, anthers ovoid; staminode absent. Ovary ferruginous-villous, 7-10-locular; style glabrous, stigma 7-10-lobed. Fruit globose, purplish-brown, glabrous, 4-8-seeded. Seeds obovate.

Type: “Hab. in America Calidiore” Herb. Linn. 260/1 (LINN).

Distribution: West Indies and Central America. Cultivated elsewhere. In Pakistan it is cultivated in Lahore.

A variable species. Nozeran (Ann. Sc. Nat. Bot., new ser. 187. 1955) pointed out several irregularities in the floral parts.


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