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Pakistan | Family List | Labiatae | Lallemantia

Lallemantia royleana (Benth.) Benth. in DC., Prodr. 12: 404. 1848. Stewart, J. L. in Journ. Agric. Hort. Soc. India 1, 1: 99. 1867; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 667. 1885; Kashyap & Joshi, Lahore District Flora 199. 1936; Mukerjee in Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 14, 1: 139. 1940; Wealth of India, Raw Materials, 6: 26. 1966; Hartmann in Bot. Jahrb. 85: 344. 1966; Hedge in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 27: 172. 1967; Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 614. 1972; Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 150: 236, t. 221. 1982; Schermatov in Vvedensky, Conspect. Fl. As. Med. 9: 70. 1987.

Vern.: "Takht Malingia"; "Tukhm Malanga"; "Tukhm Longa".

I.C. Hedge

  • Dracocephalum inderiense Less. ex Kar. & Kir.
  • Dracocephalum royleanum Benth.
  • Nepeta erodiifolia Boiss.

    Annual, unbranched, or branched from the base. Stems erect, quadrangular, 5-30 cm, with a dense indumentum of short eglandular retrorse hairs, leafy. Leaves simple, 15-20 x 7-15 mm, oblong-obovate, crenate, cuneate, below with short eglandular hairs and scattered sessile oil globules; petiole up to 15 (-20) mm. Inflorescence starting from near base of stem; verticillasters in axils of leaves, numerous, 6-8 flowered, distant or contiguous; bracts several, linear-oblong as long as or longer than calyx, sessile or shortly petiolate, cuneate, with marginal awns 2-4 mm long. Calyx tubular, 6-7 mm, prominently veined or ribbed, with short eglandular spreading hairs and a few sessile oil globules; upper lip with 3 ovate obtuse lobes; lower lip with 2 narrower lobes; all shortly acuminate; teeth clearly convergent in fruit and closing the mouth. Corolla pale lilac, blue to whitish pink, c. 7-8 mm, slightly longer than calyx; upper lip c. 1.5 mm long, dearly shorter than lower lip. Nutlets 2.5 x 1 mm, dark brown, markedly triquetrous, with a small attachment scar, clearly mucilaginous on wetting.

    Fl. Per.: March-June.

    Type: India, Kunawar, Royle.

    Distribution: S. Russia, SW and C. Asia, W. China.

    Differing from all other Pakistan annual Labiates in the combined characters of the markedly flattened pedicels, the awns on the margins of the bracts and the closed fruiting calyces. Sometimes cultivated for its mucilaginous seeds which are used medicinally; see Wealth of India (l.c.) and Pak. Journ. For. 7: 319. 1957.


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