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Pakistan | Family List | Solanaceae | Solanum

2. Solanum dulcamara L., Sp. Pl. 185. 1753. Boiss., Fl. Or. 4:285 1879; Clarke, l.c. 229; Collett, Fl. Siml. 342. 1902; Hawkes & Edmonds in Tutin et al., Fl. Eur. 3:198. 1972; R.R. Stewart l.c.643; Baytop in Davis, Fl. Turk. 6:441. 1978.


A scrambling shrub up to 120 cm tall, glabrous to pilose-pubescent. Leaves 3-9 x 1.2-3 cm, ovate, base cordate or 1-4-pinnatipartite. Petiole up to 15 mm long, slender. Peduncle 1-22 (-35) mm long. Flowers violet, 5-10 in number, in extra-axillary paniculate cymes; limb 5-10 mm broad. Calyx ± 2.5 mm long, campanulate; lobes acute, pubescent. Corolla lobes 2-3 mm lonng, recurved, with munutely pubescent tips. Anthers 2.5-4 mm long, yellow; filaments less than 1 mm long, glabrous. Ovary glabrous. Berry flame-red, ± ovoid, 8-10 mm broad. Seeds subangled, ± 2.5 mm broad, minutely reticulate.

Fl. Per.: June-July.

Lectotype: Described from Europe, Hb. Linn. 148/7 (LINN).

Distribution: Euro-Siberian element, also N. Africa. The Himalaya from Kashmir to Sikkim.

The purple or woody nightshade is found in parts of Hazara and Kashmir from 1300-2800 m. A variable species as regards leaf shape and pubescence and includes forms with entire leaves (var. indivisum Boiss.) or plants which are ± sub-glabrous (Solanum pseudopersicum Pojark.).

The red berries and young shoots, as in the previous species are said to be medicinal (Dymock, Pharm. Ind. Reprint ed. 2:301. 1972).


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