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Pakistan | Family List | Acanthaceae | Thunbergia

2. Thunbergia fragrans Roxb., Pl. Coromand. 1: 47. t. 67. 1795. Fl. Ind. ed. 2.3: 33. 1832; Nees in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3:77. 1832; Clarke in Hook. f., l.c.; Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bomb. 2: 417. 1906; Bamber, Pl. Punj. 585. 1916; Bor. & Raizada, Beaut. Ind. Climb. Shrubs 105. 1954; Stewart in Nasir & All, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashmir 679. 1972.

Vern.: Chimine.


  • Thunbergia volubilis Pers.

    A slender, herbaceous twiner or climber with quadrangular strigose young shoots. Leaves with 2-4.5 cm long, slender petiole; lamina broadly elliptic to ovate or lanceolate-ovate, (3-) 4-10 x (1.5) 2-5 (-6) cm, entire or few toothed, sparsely strigose on both sides near the truncate to cordate base, palmately 3-5-nerved, acute-acuminate. Flowers white, 4-5 cm long, c. 5 cm across, solitary axillary, on 2-7 cm long stout pedicels; bracts connate and spathaceous, oblong-lanceolate, 1.5-2 cm x c. 6-8 mm, ± acute, hairy. Calyx cupular with 12-16, subulate, 1-3 mm long, glandular hairy teeth. Corolla tube cylindrical, 2-2.5 cm long; lobes 5, subequal, nearly as long as tube, puberulous outside. Staminal filaments glandular-hairy below; anthers oblong, slightly beaked above, without spur at base. Style c. 2 cm long. Capsule depressed globose, c. 8 mm across, scabrid, puberulent, with 1-1.5 cm long beak. Seeds reticulate.

    Fl. Per.: October-December.

    Type: Collected at Samulcotah, India, collector and specimen unknown.

    Distribution: Indo-China, Burma, Nepal, India, N. Australia and W. China; introduced and naturalized in the neotropics.

    Cultivated for its showy, evanescent flowers.


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