2. Cotula hemisphaerica (Roxb.) Wall. ex Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 2: 429. 1873; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 316. 1881; Duthie, Fl. Upper Gang. Plains 1: 476. 1960 (reprint. ed.); R. R. Stewart, l. c. 735. 1972; Kitam. & Gould in Hara et al., Enum. Fl. Pl. Nep. 3: 21. 1982; B.D.Naithani in Hajra et al., Fl. Ind. 12: 54. 1995; Grierson & Springate, l.c.
Artemisia hemisphaerica Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 423. 1832.
A glabrous to ± hairy, spreading to upright herb with several, 10-20 cm long branches from the tap root. Leaves oblong, (1-) 1.5 – 3 (-5) cm long, 0.8 – 1.5 (-2) cm wide, glabrescent above and beneath, (1-) 2-pinnatisect into linear or linear-lanceolate, mucronate, middle stem leaves basally amplexicaul. Capitula more or less hemispherical, greenish-yellow, 4 – 5 mm across, solitary at the apices of filiform, upright peduncles slightly deflexing in fruit. Involucre saucer-shaped, phyllaries 2-seriate, oblong, 1.25 – 1.5 mm long, with a solitary brown midrib, scarious-margined, obtuse or subacute. Marginal eligulate florets female, numerous, without or with 2-toothed corolla, fertile. Disc-florets fewer, bisexual, with tubular-campanulate, 4-lobed, yellow corolla. Cypselas ovoid-oblong, c. 1 mm long, outer smaller, wingless, inner narrowly winged, dorsiventally slightly flattened. Pappus absent.
Fl. Per.: February-April.
Type: Described from India, Roxb. Drawing 1285 (K!).
A weed of garden lawns and rice fields in Punjab plains and sandy-loam soils near river beds; Distribution: Pakistan, India, China, Japan.