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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Cymbopogon

Cymbopogon caesius (Nees ex Hook. & Arn.) Stapf in Kew Bull. 1906:360. 1906. Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses 105. 1935; Bor in J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 51: 912. 1953; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 125. 1960; Bor in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 70:542. 1970; Soenarko in Reinwardtia 9:331. 1977.

Vern.: Bhutika, Rausa ghas.

  • Andropogon caesius Nees ex Hook. & Am.
  • Andropogon schoenanthus var. caesius (Nees ex Hook. & Arn.) Hack.
  • Andropogon schoenanthus var. gracillimus Hook. f.

    Tufted perennial arising from a knotted woody rhizome; culms 30-120 cm high, wiry, straggling. Leaf-blades linear, 5-30 cm long, 1.5-8(-10) mm wide, light green to glaucous, broadest at the rounded base and tapering to a filiform tip. False panicle narrowly oblong, 5-20(-30) cm long, erect; spatheoles narrowly lanceolate, 1-2 cm long, becoming yellowish. Racemes 10-15 mm long, the lowermost intemode and pedicel connate and swollen; internodes and pedicels densely ciliate along the margins, puberulous on the back. Sessile spikelet oblong-elliptic, 3-4.5 mm long; lower glume flat in the upper half and with a deep V-shaped groove in the lower, the keels winged above; upper lemma deeply bifid, with an awn 6-15 mm long. Chromosome number, 2=20.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: October-November.

    Type: India, Madras, Wight 1700(K).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind & Baluchistan); India and Sri Lanka; Arabia; eastern Africa from Sudan to South Africa.

    Cymbopogon caesius is very closely related to Cymbopogon martini but differs by its wiry, less robust habit, its narrower leaf-blades rounded rather than cordate at the base, the glaucous rather than dark green upper surface of the leaves and the yellowish rather than reddish mature panicle.


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