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Pakistan | Family List | Trilliaceae | Trillium

Trillium govanianum Wall. ex Royle, Illus. Bot. Himal. Mount. t. 93.384. 1839. Hook. f., l.c.; Collett, Fl. Siml. 530.1902; Blatter, Beaut. Fl. Kashm. 2:181.1929; R.R. Stewart, Ann. Cat. W. Pak. & Kashm. 58.1972.

  • Trillidium govanianum (Royle) Kunth

    Rhizome 1-2 cm thick. Stem up to 30 cm tall. Adventitious roots numerous, fibrous. Leaves 3, petiole 0.3-1.6 cm long; lamina oval to ovate or cordate, 3.5-10.8 x 1.8-10.2 cm, acute to acuminate, glabrous, venation reticulate. Flower 1, terminal, pedicellate; pedicel 0.9-2.3 cm long, stout. Perianth segments dark purple, narrowly lanceolate, outer segments 2-4 mm broad, inner narrower; perianth spreading in flower, reflexed in the fruiting stage. Stamens 6, in 2 whorls, shorter than the perianth; filaments c. 4 mm long; anthers basifixed, 4-5 mm long, curved, dehiscence longitudinal. Ovary superior, 3-locular; styles 3, purple, linear. Fruit a red, globose berry, 1-2 cm in diameter; seeds numerous, oblong, c. 2.5 mm long, with a pulpy lateral appendage.

    Fl. Per.: April-August.

    Type: Temperate Himalaya, Wallich 812 (? K).

    Distribution: Temperate Himalayas in India and Pakistan in humid forest from 2400-3200 m elevation.

    A fairly common plant in the hills during spring and summer months.


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