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Pakistan | Family List | Euphorbiaceae | Putranjiva

Putranjiva roxburghii Wall., Tent. Fl. Nep. 2: 61. 1826. Muell. Arg. in DC. Prodr. 15(2): 443. 1866; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 5: 336. 1887; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. 453. 1918; Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 456. 1972.

Vern: Patajan.


  • Drypetes roxburghii (Wall.) Hurusawa

    A dioecious tree up to 15 m with pendent branches. Bark yellowish-grey, ± smooth. Wood whitish, close-grained, hard. Twigs sparingly pubescent. Petioles 5-10 mm long, evenly pubescent. Leaves elliptic-lanceolate, 2–9 x 1–4 cm, obtuse or subacute, oblique at the base, shallowly crenate-serrate and undulate, lateral nerves 10-20 pairs, tertiary nerve-network reticulate, pubescent when young, soon glabrescent, dark green, glossy above. Stipules narrowly lanceolate, 1 mm long; acute, caducous. Male fascicles dense, 5–8 mm across. Male flowers: calyx-lobes ovate or oblong, 2 x 1–1.5 mm, ciliate, yellowish-green; filaments very short; anthers 2 x 1.5 mm., ciliate, yellow. Female flowers: pedicels 5–40 mm long, extending to 1–2 cm long in fruit; calyx-lobes as in the ♂; ovary ovoid, tapering into the style, 2 x 1.5 mm, whitish-tomentose, 3-celled; style 3–4 mm long, stigmas cuneate, flabelliform. Fruit ovoid-ellipsoid, pointed at both ends, c. 1.5 x 1 cm, white-tomentose; endocarp rugose, c. 1 nun thick. Seed ovoid, c. 1.3 x 0.8 cm, with a pale exotesta and a darker endotesta.

    Fl. Pet: Mar: May. Fr. Per.: January-February.

    Type: India, Roxburgh (not seen).

    Distribution: As for the genus. Native from Jammu eastward, cultivated as an ornamental elsewhere. Native at c. 1000'/300 in., cult. at lower altitudes.


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