5. Epilobium tetragonum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 348. 1753; Boiss., Fl. Or. 2: 748. 1872; Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2: 586. 1879; H. LJv., Ic. Gen. Epil. tt. 247, 248. 1911; Raven, Notes Royal Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 191. 1962; Raven in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 7: 9. 1964; Raven, Bothalia 9: 318. 1967; Raven in Tutin et al., Fl. Eur. 2: 310. 1968; Chamberlain & Raven in Davis, Fl. Turkey 4: 189. 1972; Raven & Raven, New Zealand Dept. Sci. Ind. Res. Bull. 216: 298 .1976.
Peter C. Hoch and Peter H. Raven
Epilobium adnatum Griseb., Bot. Zeitung 10: 854. 1852; Hausskn., Monogr. Epil. 97. 1884; Shteinb. in Schischkin & Bobrov, Fl. URSS 15: 586. 1949.
Rank clumped erect perennial herb, producing leafy basal rosettes; stems 10-130 cm tall, well-branched, strigillose all around above or nearly glabrous, with strigillose raised lines decurrent from the margins of the petioles. Leaves narrowly lanceolate to lance-elliptic, 1.5-7.5 x 0.3-1.5 cm, glabrous except for sparse hairs on main veins, veins conspicuous, margins coarse serrate, apex acute or acuminate, base attenuate or truncate, sessile and decurrent. Inflorescence erect, strigillose and eglandular. Ovaries strigillose, 3-5 cm long, pedicels 1-2 cm long. Sepals strigillose, keeled, 2.8-4.2 x 0.8-1.8 mm. Petals 2.5-6 x 2-3.5 mm, notched, pink to purple. Style 1.5-3.2 mm long. Stigma clavate, 1.8-3 mm long, surrounded by anthers at anthesis. Capsules strigillose, 3.5-8 cm, on pedicels 1-3 cm. Seeds 1-1.3 x 0.4-0.5 mm, obovoid, coarsely papillose; coma 6-8 mm long, easily deciduous.
Type: Montpellier, France, Sauvages, not seen.
This collection is the only authentic material of this species from the flora region, and indeed from the entire Himalaya. The closest other collections of the species are from the Tien Shan region and western Iran, each nearly 1000 km distant. It is difficult to imagine, however, that it is introduced at this remote locality; Distribution: Europe except extreme north, to Caucasus and Central Asia; North Africa, South Africa; adventive in Australasia and South America.