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Pakistan | Family List | Caesalpiniaceae | Cassia

Cassia javanica Linn., Sp. Pl. 379. 1753. Blatter, Millard & Stearn, Some Beaut. Ind. Trees ed. 2. 27. 1954; Ali and S. Quraishi in S.U. Sci. Res. J. 3: 11. 1967.

Medium sized tree, 3-20 (-30) m tall, bark dark brown and smooth. Stipules 12-25 mm, crescent shaped. Leaf 20-40 cm long. Leaflets 10-20 pairs, 2.5-7 cm long, 1.5-3.5 cm wide, oblong, oval, rounded and blunt at the tip, base rounded to cuneate. Raceme with pink flowers. Sepals c. 6 mm long, deep red, hairy. Petals 2.5-3.5 cm long, slightly hairy. Stamens 10, bright yellow, 3 long, others smaller. Pod 20-60 cm long, 1-1.5 cm broad, glossy black, 50-75 seeded.

Fl. Per.: May June.

Distribution: A native of Sumatra and Java. Commonly planted in gardens and roadsides.

Javanese Cassia is a roadside and garden ornamental plant. In French Guiana it is used medicinally as a substitute for Cassia fistula.


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