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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Cenchrus

Cenchrus ciliaris Linn., Mant. 2:302. 1771. Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 289. 1960; Bor in Towns., Guest & Al-Rawi, Fl. Iraq 9:474. 1968; Ramaswamy, Raman & Menon in J. Indian bot. Soc. 48:102. 1969; Bor in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 70: 504. 1970; Clayton in Tutin et al., Fl. Eur. 5:264. 1980.

  • Cenchrus longifolius Hochst. ex Steud.
  • Pennisetum cenchroides Rich.
  • Pennisetum ciliare (Linn.) Link

    Perennial, often forming mats or tussocks; culms 10-150 cm high, ascending, wiry or sometimes almost woody. Leaf blades 3-25 cm long, 2-10 mm wide. Panicle cylindrical to ovoid, 2-12 cm long, 10-26 mm wide, grey, purple or straw-coloured, the rhachis angular and puberulous; involucre elongate, 6-16 mm long; inner bristles greatly exceeding the spikelets, one of them longer and stouter than the rest, at least the longest somewhat flattened at the base, connate only at the base to form a disc 0.5-1.5 mm in diameter (or sometimes connate for up to 0.5 mm above the rim of the disc), sparsely or densely ciliate below, grooved on the face or not, filiform above, flexuous, often wavy, antrorsely scaberulous; outer bristles filiform. Spikelets 2-4 per burr, 2-5.5 mm long, acutely lanceolate; glumes distinct, acute, the lower as long as the spikelet.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: February-March.

    Type: South Africa, Koenig (Linn).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Punjab & N.W.F.P.); throughout Africa, extending through Arabia and the Middle East to India; widely introduced else-where in the Old World.

    African Foxtail Grass, Blue Buffalo Grass or Buffet Grass in a valuable fodder grass, especially for hay. It is also said to be a useful lawn grass.


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