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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Panicum

Panicum antidotale Retz., Obs. Bot. 4:17. 1786. Boiss., Fl. Or. 5:440. 1884; Duthie, Fodder Grasses 4. 1888; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7:52. 1896; Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses 163. 1935; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 1:29. 1958; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 322. 1960; Bor in Rech.f., Fl. Iran. 70:472. 1970.

Vern.: Gharam.

  • Panicum miliare tam.

    Perennial with creeping woody rootstock; culms (30)90-180 cm high, woody, erect or ascending, usually branched, the lower internodes often pruinose. Leaf-blades linear, 6-30 cm long, (2.5)4-14 mm wide, flat, glabrous, sharply pointed. Panicle narrowly pyramidal to broadly oblong or ovate, 13-32 cm long, varying from copiously, branched with the branches subverticillate to sparingly branched with the spikelets condensed about the distant branches. Spikelets elliptic, 2.4-3.2 (-3.6) mm long, glabrous, acute; lower glume broadly ovate, membranous with broad hyaline margins, half to two-thirds as long as the spikelet, rarely less, 3-5-nerved, acute; upper glume with broad hyaline margins, 7-9(-11)-nerved; lower lemma 7-9-nerved, its palea almost as long; upper lemma pallid, smooth and shining.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: March-October.

    Type: India, Koenig..

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Baluchistan, Punjab, N.W.F.P. & Kashmir); tropical Africa; Arabia, through Iran and Afghanistan to India.

    Panicum antidotale is found throughout Pakistan, particularly in desert regions. It is an excellent sand binder, but of doubtful value as fodder.


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