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Pakistan | Family List | Solanaceae | Solanum

7. Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav., Icon. 3:22, t. 243. 1794. Hawkes and Edmonds, l.c. 199; Schoenbeck-Temesy, l.c. 17; R.R. Stewart, 1.c. 643.


A perennial branched herb up to 1 m tall. Stem and branches dense stellate-tomentose, prickly. Prickles sparse, acicular, 2-5 mm long, yellow. Leaves alternate, 1.5-11 x 3.0 cm, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, repand-sinuate, base cuneate to oblique. Flowers 1-5 in number, violet-blue to purplish, in extra-axillary cymes. Pedicel up to 20 mm long. Calyx ± 5 mm long deeply 5-lobed, enlarging in fruit. Corolla 20-25 mm broad. Anthers yellow. Filaments 3 mm long. Berry globose, 11-12 mm broad, yellow. Seed subreniform, c. 3 mm long.

Fl. Per.: July-August.

Type: Cult. In hortu bot. Matrit. ex America (MA).

Distribution: Native to temperate Solanum America; naturalised else-where in South Europe, Pakistan, Australia.

The ‘silver-leaf nightshade’ is found as an escape in fields in Baluchistan and Sind up to 1800 m.


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