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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Chionachne

Chionachne koenigii (Spreng.) Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 357. 1864. Henrard in Meded. Rijks;-Herb. No. 67:15. 1931; Bor, Fl. Assam 5:458. 1940; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 1:150. 1958; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 262. 1960.

  • Chionachne barbata (Roxb.) R. Br.
  • Coix arundinacea* Koen. ex Willd.
  • Coix barbata Roxb.
  • Coix koenigii Spreng.
  • Polytoca barbata (Roxb.) Stapf ex Hook.f.

    Robust perennial, 1-3 m high. Leaf-blade 15-85 cm long, 5-15 (-25) mm wide, scabrid above, harshly scabrid on the margins, the lower surface covered with brittle irritant hairs. Inflorescence a much-branched leafy panicle with clusters of branches subtended by leaf-like spathes, the individual racemes supported by spatheoles comprising an inflated obovate sheath bearing a blade reduced to an awn-like cusp. Racemes 2-4 cm long, male or male above with a solitary female spikelet (rarely a second present) at the base. Male spikelets solitary or paired, 6-9 (-10.5) mm long; female spikelet 5-6 mm long, oblong, pallid or white.

    Type locality: India.

    Distribution: Pakistan (Punjab & Kashmir); Nepal, India, Burma, Sri Lanka; Java; Celebes; introduced (?) in Australia (Queensland).

    Cattle are not fond of this grass because of its harsh texture, but they will eat it when it is young.


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