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Pakistan | Family List | Celastraceae | Euonymus

Euonymus echinatus Wall. in Roxb., Fl.Ind.ed.Carey. 2:410. 1824. Lawson in Hook.f., Fl.Brit.Ind.1:611.1875; Collett, Fl.Siml.86.1902; Brandis, Ind. Trees 158.1906; Parker, For.Fl.Punj.79.1918; R.R. Stewart, Ann.Cat.Vas.Pl.W.Pak. & Kashm.460.1972.

A climbing shrub with dense tufts of adventitious roots; shoots quadrangular. Leaves variable. 0.8-6.5 x 0.6-2.5 cm, ovate or oblong-lanceolate, acute, crenate, subcoriaceous, glabrous; main lateral veins 8-10 pairs; petiole up to 6 cm long. Flowers greenish, in short axillary cymes. Calyx lobes rounded, entire. Petals 4 mm long, greenish-white, orbicular, crenulate. Stamens shorter than the petals. Capsule globose, c. 8 mm in diameter, covered with dark coloured spines, stalk 5-6 mm long; seeds enclosed in a scarlet aril.

Fl. Per.: March-April.

Type: Described from the Himalayas.

Distribution: Temperate Himalayan tracts of Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan and Sikkim from 1500-3000m.

Grows in moist shady forests, climbing or trailling on trees and docks.


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