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Pakistan | Family List | Asteraceae | Pluchea

Pluchea lanceolata (DC.) C. B. Clarke, Composit. Ind. 94. 1876; Oliver & Hiern, Fl. Trop. Afr. 3: 329. 1877; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 3: 272. 1881; R. R. Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 768. 1972; Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 145: 8. 1980; S. Kumar in Hajra et al., Fl. Ind. 13: 155. 1995. (Fig. 25, A-F).

Vern.: Sarmei, Reshami, Phar Buti.

  • Berthelotia lanceolata DC.

    An undershrub, up to 1.5 m tall, branches hoary, terete obscurely striate. Leaves sessile, 1-7 x 0.3-2 cm, oblong-oblanceolate, mucronate, coriaceous, pubescent on both surfaces, margin entire or serrulate, obscurely dentate at the apex, strongly nerved, minutely pubescent on both surfaces. Capitula ovoid or campanulate, 3-5 mm in diameter, arranged in compound terminal corymbs; phyllaries 2-3 seriate, outer ones purple tinged at the apex, broadly, obovate, obtuse, entire, pubescent, 2.5-3.5 mm long, silky pubescent, inner linear entire, 4-6 mm long. Florets pink, outer female florets many, filiform, disc florets tubular, few, 4-18, bisexual but functionally male. Anthers caudate. Cypselas small, white, linear, glabrous; pappus setae 20-26, distinctly connate at base.

    Fl.Per.: March-August.

    Type: In India Orientali ad ripom Gangis prope cownpure (Kanpur) et in ripâ fl. Jummae Wallich et Hamilton (G-DC).

    A common species of plains of Pakistan, ascending up to 800 m; Distribution: India, Pakistan (Sindh, Punjab, Baluchistan), Afghanistan and N Africa.

    Plant extract is used as a cooling agent in summer.


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