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Pakistan | Family List | Sambucaceae | Sambucus

Sambucus wightiana Wall. ex Wight & Arn. in Prodr. Fl. Penins. Ind. Or. 1: 38. 1834. Wendelbo in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 10:2. 1965; R.R. Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 695. 1972.

Vern.: Gandala; Dwarf Elder.

  • Sambucus ebulus auct. non Linn.: C.B. Clarke

    Shrubby herbs, 1-1.5 m tall. Leaves up to 25 cm long with 5-9 leaflets; leaflet 5-18 cm long, lanceolate, serrate, puberulous to glabrous, apex acute to acuminate; upper leaflets usually decurrent; stipules leaf-like, narrowly lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, sharply serrate. Inflorescence corymbose with 3-5 primary rays, up to 10 cm across, pedunculate. Flowers minute, c. 5 mm in diameter, pedicellate; pedicel jointed. Bracteole filiform, c. 1 mm below the joint. Hypanthium turbinate, c. 1 mm long. Calyx 5-toothed; teeth minute, deltoid. Corolla rotate, c. 5 mm in diameter, 5-lobed, whitish-yellow, lobes 1.5 mm long, obtuse, 3-nerved. Stamens 5, attached at the base of the corolla, anthers oblong, filament twice as long as the anther. Stigmas 3, subsessile. Fruit a drupe, globose, 4-5 mm in diameter, orange coloured turning black. Seed oblong, 2.7 mm long.

    Fl. Per.: June July.

    Type: Described from India, Wallich 63063, Wight Cat. No.1252.

    Distribution: Afghanistan, Himalayas in Pakistan and India.

    It is gregarious and fairly common in the inner Himalayan ranges from 2000 to 7500 m. Different parts of the plant are used in medicine.


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  • Illustration (S. Hameed)
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