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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Oplismenus

Oplismenus burmanii (Retz.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrost. 54, 168, 169. 1812. Duthie, Fodder Grasses 13. 1888; Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7:68. 1896; Blatter & McCann, Bombay Grasses 154. 1935; Bor, Fl. Assam. 5:263. 1940; Sultan & Stewart, Grasses W. Pak. 1:50. 1958; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 317. 1960; Bor in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 70:484. 1970; Tzvelev, Poaceae URSS 655. 1976.

  • Oplismenus bromoides (Lam.) P. Beauv.
  • Oplismenus multisetus A. Rich.
  • Orthopogon burmanii (Retz.) Trin.
  • Panicum bromoides Lam.
  • Panicum burmanii Retz.
  • Panicum multisetum Hochst. ex A. Rich.

    Annual with prostrate or trailing culms 10-60 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate to narrowly ovate, 1-9 cm long, 5-20 mm wide. Inflorescence 2-11 cm long; racemes 0.5-2.5 cm long, their rhachis hirsute, the spikelets contiguous. Spikelets lanceolate, 2.5-3.5 mm long, pubescent, often with a transverse band of hairs across the middle of the lower lemma, rarely glabrous; glumes with a scaberulous awn, that of the lower 2.5-20 mm long, the upper shorter.

    Type: India, Koenig (LD).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Punjab, fide Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. 120); throughout tropical Africa; tropical America; Asia.

    This species often forms pure mats in the shade of trees in grazing areas and in open spaces. Duthie notes a report that it is eaten by cattle. It is distinct from the other species of Oplismenus in possessing a scabrid awn.


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