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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Brachiaria

Brachiaria deflexa (Schumach.) C.E. Hubbard ex Robyns in Bull. Jard. Bot. Etat Brux. 9:181. 1932. Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 281. 1960.

  • Panicum deflexum Schumach.

    Loosely tufted annual; culms 15-70 cm high, often weak and ascending. Leaf-blades broadly linear, 4-25 cm long, 4-22 mm wide. Inflorescence of 7-15 racemes borne on an axis 6-15 cm long; racemes 2-9 cm long, often compound, bearing mostly paired distant spikelets spreading from the triquetrous rhachis, the inflorescence imitating a panicle; pedicels, or some of them, longer than the spikelets, up to 15 mm long. Spikelets broadly elliptic, 2.5-3.5 mm long, glabrous to pubescent, acute, with a short stipe up to 0.5 mm long; lower glume a third to half the length of the spikelet; upper glume and lower lemma membranous; upper lemma rugose, subacute to acute.

    Fl. & Fr. Per.: July-October.

    Type: Ghana, Thonning (C).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Baluchistan, Punjab & Kashmir); Senegal to Yemen and southwards to South Africa; a few records in India.

    Brachiaria deflexa intergrades completely with Brachiaria ramosa, and may be no more than a geographical race. This relationship discourages the transfer of Brachiaria deflexa to Panicum despite its panicle-like inflorescence.

    Brachiaria deflexa is a rare plant in Pakistan, preferring the shade of forests to open grassland.


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