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Pakistan | Family List | Poaceae | Cenchrus

Cenchrus biflorus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 238. 1820. Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 7: 89. 1896; Bor, Grasses Burma Ceyl. Ind. Pak. 287. 1960; Bor in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 70: 504. 1970.

Vern.: Bhurat.

  • Cenchrus barbatus Schumach.
  • Cenchrus catharticus Delile

    Annual; culms 5-90 cm high, ascending. Leaf-blades 2-25 cm long, 2-7 mm. wide. Panicle 2-15 cm long; involucres ovoid, 4-11 mm long; inner spines flattened, connate at the base to form an ovoid or diamond-shaped disc 2-4 mm across, bearing 1-3 shallow grooves on the outer face, ciliate below, retrorsely barbellate and mostly pungent at the tip; outer spines numerous, acicular, shorter than the inner, commonly divergent, rarely suppressed. Spikelets 1-3 per burr, 3.5-6 mm long.

    Fl & Fr. Per.: January-April and again September-November.

    Type: India, Roxburgh Painting 2110 (K).

    Distribution: Pakistan (Sind, Punjab & Kashmir); tropical Africa, extending through Arabia to India.

    This grass is acceptable to stock when young but is commonly a very noxious weed, especially in the plains.


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