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Pakistan | Family List | Cucurbitaceae | Bryonia

2. Bryonia monoica Aitch. & Hemsl. in J. Linn. Soc. Bot. Ser. 2, 3:65. 1886. Parsa, Fl. Iran 2:643. 1943;Vass. in Shishkin & Bobrov, Fl. URSS. 24:104. 1957; Kitamura, Fl. Afghan. 375. 1960; C. Jeffrey, l.c. 450; R.R. Stewart, l.c.; C. Jeffrey, l.c.


  • Bryonia alba* sensu Vass.
  • Bryonia multiflora sensu Chakravarty
  • Bryonia transoxana Vass.

    Stem and branches glabrous. Leaves orbicular, 3-10 cm long, emarginate, glabrous or punctate, lower surface often glaucous and densely punctate; lamina 5-7-palmatisect or partite, segments ovate-oblong. Flowers monoecious or dioecious. Male flowers in raceme of 12-30 flowers; peduncle 10-25 cm long, pedicels filiform,10-15 mm long, male calyx-tube narrowly obconic, 7-8 mm broad, puberulous, base shortly glandular. Corolla deeply 5-lobed, puberulous, lobes ovate-triangular, acute, yellowish green. Stamens free; filaments hairy, 1.5-2 mm long; anthers c. 4 mm long. Female flowers in simple or branched racemes, 1-8 cm long; pedicel 2-6 mm long. Style ± exserted, stigmas bilobed. Fruit 6-7 mm long. Seeds yellow or dark brown, c. 6 mm long and c.-2.5 mm thick.

    Type: Afghanistan, Badghis, Aitchison 339 (K, holotype).

    Distribution: Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan and Russia.


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