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Pakistan | Family List | Acanthaceae | Barleria

1. Barleria acanthoides Vahl, Symb. Bot. 1: 47. 1790. Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 524. 1879; Clarke in Hook. f., l.c. 484; Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bomb. 2:458. 1906; Parker, For. Fl. Punj. 3rd. ed. 380. 1956; Jafri, Fl. Kar. 315. 1966; Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 24: 5. 1966; Stewart in Nasir & Ali, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 674. 1972.

Vern.: Asad.


  • Barleriacanthus acanthoides Oerst.

    A small, much branched, up to 60 cm, densely greyish-pubescent shrublet, armed with simple, up to 5-6 mm long spins in leaf axils. Leaves on 4-7 mm long, hairy petiole; lamina dark green, oblong-ovate or ± obovate, (1.2-) 1.5-4 (-5) x (8-) 12-20 mm, basally attenuate, pubescent on both sides, margins entire, apex obtusely mucronate. Flowers white, large, 6-7.5 (-9) cm long, in 1-8-flowered, congested, scorpioid racemes; bracts leafy, membranous, elliptic, 1.2-1.5 (-2) cm long, pinnatifid-spinescent or reduced to pinnatifid spines. Calyx deeply lobed; outer 2 lobes broadly ovate, 1.2-1.7 cm x c. 8-10 mm, ± equal, sharply mucronate, becoming yellowish-brown; inner lobes lanceolate, 7-8 mm long. Corolla tube cylindrical 5-6 (-8) cm long, slightly widened below the 5-lobed limb, lobes ovate, 6-10 mm long, acute. Capsule ellipsoid, 1-1.2 cm x 4-5 mm, attenuate at both ends, glabrous, 4-seeded, ovoid, 3-4 mm in diam., silky hairy.

    Fl. Per.: September-February.

    Type: ‘Habitat in Arabia felici’.

    Distribution: Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Djibouti, Pakistan (NWF Punjab, Sind) and N.W. India.

    A highly variable species in the size of leaves and macro, outer sepal spines of bracts and length of the corolla tube and limb lobes.

    Used as a fodder for goats and camels.


    Related Objects  
  • Illustration (M. Rafiq)
  • Illustration

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