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Pakistan | Family List | Labiatae | Phlomis

2. Phlomis cashmeriana Royle ex Benth. in Hook., Bot. Misc. 3: 382. 1833. Mukerjee in Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 14, 1: 195. 1940; Hedge & Lamond in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 23: 130. 1968; Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 628. 1972; Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 150: 307, t. 284. 1982.

I.C. Hedge

  • Phlomis dichroa Rech. f.

    Perennial with a sturdy woody rootstock. Stems several, c. 40-80 cm, herbaceous, simple or branched, with a white indumentum of readily rubbed off dendroid-stellate hairs. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, discolorous, 10-16 (-20) x 2-5 cm, densely white tomentose beneath with dendroid-stellate hairs, above green with scattered irregularly branched dendroid hairs, subentire or crenulate, truncate or subcordate; petiole 10-15 cm on basal leaves, much less on cauline leaves. Verticillasters 1-3 in axils of upper leaves, distant, dense c. 10-12-flowered, 2-3 cm in diameter. Bracts numerous, adpressed to calyces and as long as them, subulate. Calyx c. 15 mm, densely dendroid-stellate tomentose, truncate; teeth unequal, subulate erect-spreading, c. 3-5 mm long. Corolla rose or pale purple, 2-3 cm; upper lip clearly falcate, white-bearded on inner margins, laterally and apically notched. Mature nutlets not seen.

    Type: "Cashmere" Boyle (LIV photo!).

    Distribution: Soviet C. Asia (2), Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir.

    Although recorded by R. R. Stewart (l.c.) from the Kurram valley, I have not seen any specimens from there; there may have been confusion with Phlomis spectabilis, q.v. Plants from parts of Soviet C. Asia (Pamir-Alai) previously called Phlomis cashmeriana are now referred by Soviet botanists to Phlomis fruticetorum Gontsch.


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