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BFNA | Family List | BFNA Vol. 1 | Dicranaceae

Oncophorus (Bridel) Bridel, Bryol. Univ. 1: 389. 1826.

[Greek onkosis, a swelling, and phoros, bearing, referring to the struma, a goiter-like swelling at the base of the capsule]

Steven G. Newmaster

  • Dicranum sect. Oncophorus Bridel

    Plants erect, in loose to dense tufts, green to yellow-brown, glossy to somewhat dull. Stems 1--5(--8) cm, erect-spreading, simple or branching, radiculose proximally. Leaves lanceolate from an ovate base, gradually narrowed to abruptly subulate, crisped and curled when dry; margins plane or revolute, entire or often toothed at apex; costa strong, percurrent to slightly excurrent, narrow, with 2 stereid bands; distal laminal cells short-rectangular to subquadrate, smooth; basal laminal cells rectangular, elongate, smooth, alar cells poorly differentiated or sometimes slightly enlarged. Sexual condition autoicous; perichaetial leaves similar to the cauline; perigonia located below perichaetia. Seta 5--20(--22) mm, erect, twisted when dry, yellow to reddish yellow. Capsule inclined to horizontal, yellow-brown, arcuate, cylindric, urn 0.8--2 mm, constricted below the mouth, furrowed or smooth when dry, distinctively strumose; operculum rostrate, arcuate; peristome single, of 16 teeth divided halfway into two segments, vertically pitted-striolate proximally, papillose distally, red. Calyptra cucullate, smooth. Spores spheric, 14--25 ┬Ám, finely roughened, yellow to yellow-green.

    Species ca. 6 (3 in the flora); North America, Europe, Asia.

    This genus is frequently encountered near stream habitats. The species may be confused with those of Dicranum, Dicranella or Kiaeria, but are distinguished by distinctively strumose capsules and abruptly subulate leaves, which are strongly crisped-contorted when dry.


    Allan, B. 2000. The genus Oncophorus ( Musci: Dicranaceae) in Maine. Evansia 17: 1--5. Grout, A. J. 1902. Mosses With Hand-Lens and Microscope. New York. Grout, A. J. 1933--1940. Moss Flora of North America. Vol. 2. Newfane, Vermont. Ireland, R. I. 1982. Moss Flora of the Maritime Provinces. National Museums of Canada, Ottawa. Lawton, E. 1971. Moss Flora of the Pacific Northwest. Nichinan, Japan. Nyholm, E. 1954. Illustrated Moss Flora of Fennoscandia. Musci II Fasc. 1. Lund, Sweden.

    1 Leaves keeled or folded, margins revolute, not sheathing at the base, gradually narrowed to the acumen.   Oncophorus virens
    + Leaves flat, margins plane, sheathing at the base, abruptly narrowed to the acumen.   (2)
    2 (1) Plants dark, not contorted when dry, seta usually less than 8 mm.   Oncophorus rauei
    + Plants lighter, contorted when dry, seta usually more than 8 mm.   Oncophorus wahlenbergii

    Lower Taxa

    Related Synonym(s):


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