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Adoxaceae Trautvetter

五福花科

Description from Flora of China

Shrubs, less frequently perennial herbs, or small trees. Leaves opposite, simple or compound: ternate, biternate, ternate-pinnate, biternate-pinnate, or odd-pinnate. Inflorescences terminal panicles or umbellate, spicate, or capitate cymes. Flowers bisexual; calyx and corolla both connate, (3-)5-merous. Stamens 5 (Sambucus, Viburnum) or 5, 4, or 3 (Adoxa, Sinadoxa), alternate corolla lobes, inserted on corolla tube; filaments cleft into 2 semi-stamens (in Adoxa, Sinadoxa); anthers 1-celled, peltate, extrorse, longitudinally dehiscent; staminodes 5, 4, or 3, in inner whorl, opposite corolla lobes. Ovary semi-inferior to inferior, 1- or 3-5-loculed; styles 5, 4, or 3, connate or free, or absent; stigmas capitate or 2- or 3-fid. Fruit drupes; seeds 1 or 3-5.

Chiu Lien-ching. 1986. Adoxaceae. In: Lu An-ming & Chen Shu-kun, eds., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 73(1): 1-5; Hu Jia-qi & Hsu Ping-sheng. 1988. Sambucus and Viburnum. In: Hsu Ping-sheng, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 72: 4-104.

Four genera and ca. 220 species: mainly in the N Hemisphere; four genera (one endemic) and 81 species (49 endemic) in China.

(Authors: Yang Qiner (杨亲二), Hong Deyuan (洪德元); Valéry Malécot, David E. Boufford)

Lower Taxa


 

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