All Floras      Search Specimen
Login | eFloras Home | Help
IBSC | Family List | Angiospermae

Phytolaccaceae R. Brown

商陆科

Description from Flora of China

Herbs or shrubs, rarely trees, erect, rarely scandent, mostly glabrous, rarely dioecious. Leaves simple, alternate, entire; stipules absent or tiny. Inflorescences terminal, axillary, or leaf-opposed, racemose, cymose, panicled, or spicate. Flowers small, bisexual or rarely unisexual, actinomorphic, rarely zygomorphic. Tepals 4 or 5, persistent, free or connate at base, equal or unequal, imbricate in bud, green or sometimes other colored. Stamens 4 to many, inserted on a fleshy disk; filaments usually persistent, free or slightly connate at base; anthers 2-loculed, dorsifixed, longitudinally dehiscent. Ovary superior, globose; carpels 1 to many, free or connate; ovule solitary in each carpel, basal, campylotropous. Styles persistent, short or absent, erect or curved, as many as carpels. Fruit fleshy, a berry or drupe, rarely a capsule. Seeds reniform or oblate, small; testa membranous or hard and fragile, smooth or wrinkly; embryo large, curved, surrounding copious mealy endosperm.

Seventeen genera and ca. 70 species: widespread in tropical and temperate regions, especially in the neotropics and S Africa; two genera (one introduced) and five species (one endemic, two introduced) in China.

(Authors: Lu Dequan (鲁德全) ; Kai Larsen)

Lu Dequan. 1996. Phytolaccaceae. In: Tang Changlin, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 29: 14–20.

Lower Taxa


 

Related Objects  
  • Specimen List
  • A Checklist for the South China Botanical Garden, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, P. R. China  
  • Phytolacca sp. (Xiangying Wen)
  • Image/JPEG
    Flora of Chile  
  • Family PDF
  • PDF
    Flora of China  
  • PDF File
  • PDF
    Interactive Keys by Xiangying Wen  
  • Phytolacca sp. (Xiangying Wen)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Phytolacca sp. (Xiangying Wen)
  • Image/JPEG

    IBSC @ efloras.org
    Browse by
    Family
    Genera
    Search by name

    Specimen Search

    People @ IBSC

     

     

     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |