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Cinnamomum Schaeffer


Description from Flora of China

Camphora Fabricius; Cecidodaphne Nees; Parthenoxylon Blume.

Evergreen trees or shrubs. Bark, branchlets, and leaves very scented. Buds naked or perulate; if perulate, scales distinct or indistinct, imbricate. Leaves alternate, subopposite, or opposite, sometimes clustered at apex of branchlet, leathery, trinerved or triplinerved, also pinninerved. Panicle axillary, subterminal, or terminal, composed of (1-)3- to many-flowered cymes. Flowers yellow or white, small- to medium-sized, bisexual, rarely polygamous. Perianth tube short, cupuliform or campanulate; perianth lobes 6, subequal, entirely deciduous or upper halves deciduous but rarely entirely persistent after anthesis. Fertile stamens 9, rarely less or more, in 3 whorls; filaments of 1st and 2nd whorls eglandular, those of 3rd whorl each with 2 stalked or stalkless glands near base; anthers 4-celled, rarely those of 3rd whorl 2-celled, cells introrse (of 1st and 2nd whorls) or extrorse (of 3rd whorl). Staminodes 3, of innermost whorl, cordate or sagittate, stipitate. Ovary always as long as style; style slender; stigma capitate or discoid, sometimes 3-lobed. Fruit fleshy, subtended by a perianth cup; perianth cup cupuliform, campanulate, or conical, truncate or undulate, irregularly denticulate or sometimes with 6 truncate lobe bases at apex.

Cinnamomum sericans Hance (J. Bot. 15: 336. 1877) was described from China but could not be treated here because no material was seen by the present authors.

In addition, numerous names in Cinnamomum and Camphora based on Chinese material were published by Lukmanoff (Nomencl. Icon. Cannel. 1889). They are listed below. Type material needs to be located and identified in order to determine the correct application of these names.

Camphora: C. brongniartii Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 23; China and Japan); C. decandollei Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 23; China: Hong Kong); C. oldhamii Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 23; China: Taiwan); and C. wrightii Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 24; China: Hong Kong).

Cinnamomum: C. asa-grayi Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 9; China: Hong Kong); C. baillonii Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 10; China); C. barlowii Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 16; China); C. calleryi Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 16; China); C. goeringii Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 16; China and Indonesia: Java); C. linnei Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 15; China); C. lowii Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 15; China); C. lucienii Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 18; China and Japan); C. lunatum Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 11; China); C. maximoviczii Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 19; China); C. reinwardtii Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 19; China); C. rougieri Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 7; China and ?Myanmar); C. suaveolens Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 9; China); and C. walteri Lukmanoff (loc. cit.: 18; China).

Cinnamomum esquirolii H. Léveillé (Fl. Kouy-Tchéou, 218. 1914-1915) is a synonym of Cocculus laurifolius Candolle in the Menispermaceae (see p. 13).

About 250 species: tropical and subtropical Asia, Australia, and Pacific islands; 49 species (30 endemic, one introduced) in China.

(Authors: Li Xiwen (李锡文 Li Hsi-wen), Li Jie (李捷); Henk van der Werff)

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