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Cyperus Linn.

莎草属

Description from Flora of China

Cyperus sect. Juncellus Grisebach; Juncellus (Grisebach) C. B. Clarke; Mariscus Vahl; Torulinium Desvaux ex Hamilton.

Herbs, annual or perennial, with rhizomes or stolons. Culms caespitose or solitary, erect, usually 3-angled or acutely triquetrous, sometimes compressed triquetrous, stout or slender, leafy at basal part or at base. Leaves basal, 3-ranked, rarely without a blade; ligule absent. Involucral bracts leaflike, usually 2-10(-20 or more), at base of inflorescence. Inflorescences terminal, a simple or compound anthela, with several to many rays and usually with raylets (secondary rays); rays and raylets unequal or rarely equal in length or inflorescence capitate. Spikelets few to many in spikes, digitate clusters, or a capitulum at apex of rays, rarely single; rachilla not articulate at base, persistent, usually with narrow wings. Glumes distichous, rarely spirally imbricate; basal 1 or 2 glumes without a flower; remaining glumes each with a bisexual flower. Perianth bristles or scales absent. Stamens (1-)3. Style base not swollen; stigmas (2 or)3, deciduous at maturity. Nutlet 3-sided, smooth, puncticulate, tuberculate, or rarely reticulately striate.

About 600 species: temperate, subtropical, and tropical regions worldwide; 62 species (eight endemic, four introduced) in China.

(Authors: Dai Lunkai (戴伦凯); Gordon C. Tucker, David A. Simpson)


 

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