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Triuridaceae Gardner

霉草科

Description from Flora of China

Herbs achlorophyllous, mycotrophic, reddish, purple, or yellow. Stems erect, simple or nearly so. Leaves alternate, reduced, scalelike, not green. Plants monoecious or dioecious; flowers small, unisexual, rarely bisexual or polygamous, actinomorphic, in racemes or subcorymbs, with decurved bracteate pedicels. Perianth segments 3-10, in 1 series, valvate, usually united at base, sometimes appendaged at apex, reflexed after anthesis. Stamens 2-6, inserted at base of receptacle or perianth; anthers 2- or 4-thecous, extrorse, mostly opening by transverse slit; connective often reduced into long subulate appendages. Carpels 6 to many, free; style terminal to subbasal; ovule solitary, basal. Fruiting carpels crowded, opening by a slit. Seed internally fleshy, white, oily, undifferentiated.

Zhou Lingyun & Zhong Xiongwen. 1992. Triuridaceae. In: Sun Xiangzhong, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 8: 190-193.

Eleven genera and ca. 50 species: tropics and subtropics; one genus and five species in China.

(Authors: Guo Youhao (郭友好)[51]; Martin Cheek[52])

Lower Taxon


 

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