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Duchesnea J. E. Smith


Description from Flora of China

Herbs perennial. Rhizome short. Stolons procumbent, long, filiform, bearing adventitious roots and forming plantlets at nodes. Radical leaves several, stolon leaves alternate, long petiolate; stipules paired, adnate to base to petiole, persistent; leaf blade 3-foliolate; leaflets dentate at margin. Inflorescence axillary, ebracteate, a solitary flower. Sepals 5, persistent; epicalyx segments 5, larger than and alternating with sepals, margin incised. Petals 5, yellow, obovate. Stamens numerous; anthers subglobose. Carpels numerous, free, inserted on convex receptacle; style adaxial or subterminal, deciduous; stigma entire. Aggregate fruit formed from enlarged receptacle, hemispheric or turbinate, fleshy. Achenes seated on surface of aggregate fruit, compressed ovoid, minute. Seed reniform, smooth. x = 7.

Two species: Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Nepal, Sikkim; naturalized in Africa, Europe, and North America; two species in China.

(Authors: Li Chaoluan (Li Chao-luang); Hiroshi Ikeda, Hideaki Ohba)


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