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Cinnamomum bodinieri Levl.

猴樟

Description from Flora of China

Cinnamomum bodinieri var. hupehanum (Gamble) G. F. Tao; C. glanduliferum (Wallich) Meisner var. longipaniculatum Lecomte; C. hupehanum Gamble; C. inunctum (Nees) Meisner var. fulvipilosum Yen C. Yang.

Trees, up to 16 m tall, 30-80 cm d.b.h. Bark gray-brown. Branchlets purple-brown, terete, glabrous, ± angled when young. Buds small; bud scales sparsely sericeous. Leaves alternate; petiole 2-3 cm, concave-convex, slightly puberulent; leaf blade ovate or elliptic-ovate, 8-17 × 3-10 cm, papery, glaucous and densely sericeous-puberulent abaxially, shiny and finely puberulent when young but glabrate when mature adaxially, midrib elevated abaxially, plane adaxially, lateral veins 4-6 pairs, basal ones subopposite, others alternate, all ascendant, slightly conspicuous on both surfaces, axils of lateral veins conspicuously dome-shaped abaxially, conspicuously bullate adaxially, transverse veins and veinlets reticulate, inconspicuous on both surfaces, base acute, or broadly cuneate to rounded, apex shortly acuminate. Panicles axillary or lateral, also sublateral on young branchlets, sometimes subtended by floral leaves at base, (5-)10-15 cm, several branched; branches dichotomous, angled; peduncle terete, 4-6 cm, peduncle and rachis glabrous. Pedicels filiform, 2-4 mm, sericeous-puberulent. Flowers green-white, ca. 2.5 mm. Perianth tube obconical, subglabrous outside; perianth lobes 6, ovate, ca. 1.2 mm, subglabrous outside, white sericeous inside, reflexed, soon deciduous. Fertile stamens 9, ca. 1 mm (of 1st and 2nd whorls) or a little longer (of 3rd whorl); filaments of 3rd whorl each with 2 large reniform glands near base, others glandless; anthers subglobose, all 4-celled. Staminodes 3, cordate, subsessile, ca. 0.5 mm. Ovary ovoid, ca. 1.2 mm, glabrous; style ca. 1 mm; stigma capitate. Fruit green, globose, 7-8 mm in diam., glabrous; perianth cup in fruit shallowly cupuliform, ca. 6 mm wide at apex. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jul-Aug.

The leafy branchlets contain essential oil. The fruit kernel contains oil and fat.

● Roadsides, streamsides, sparse forests, thickets; 700-1500 m. Guizhou, Hubei, W Hunan, E Sichuan, NE and SE Yunnan.


 

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