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Elaeocarpaceae A. L. Jussieu ex Candolle

杜英科

Description from Flora of China

Trees or shrubs, evergreen or semi-evergreen. Leaves alternate or rarely opposite, stipulate or not, petiolate, simple, pinnately veined. Inflorescence axillary or terminal, racemose, corymbose, paniculate, or sometimes fascicled or solitary flowers. Flowers bisexual or polygamous, 4- or 5-merous, actinomorphic, with or without bracts. Sepals 4 or 5, basally connate or free, usually valvate. Petals 4 or 5, sometimes absent, valvate or imbricate, margin laciniate or rarely entire. Stamens 8 to numerous; filaments free and borne on disks; anthers 2-celled, dehiscent by apical or longitudinal slits, awned or tipped with hairs at apices. Disk circular or glandularly lobed. Ovary superior, 2- to several loculed; placentation axile; ovules 2 to several per locule; style connate or free. Fruit a drupe or capsule. Seeds with copious endosperm; embryo flat.

The two genera in China are of economic value (i.e., medicine, food, and timber).

Chang Hung-ta. 1989. Elaeocarpaceae. In: Chang Hung-ta, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 49(1): 1-46.

About 12 genera and ca. 550 species: primarily in tropical to subtropical regions of both hemispheres, excluding Africa; two genera and 53 species (21 endemic) in China.

(Authors: Tang Ya (唐亚); Chamlong Phengklai)

经济区 Economic Plants Area, 中心区 Central Area, 分类区 Classified Area, 木本花卉区 Woody Accrescent Area, 濒危园 Endangered Plants Garden, 标本园 Specimens Garden, 引种苗圃 Introducing Plants Nursery, 蒲岗保护区 Pu Gang Reserve

Lower Taxa


 

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