All Floras      Advanced Search
Login | eFloras Home | Help
SCBG Checklist | Family List

Oleaceae Hoffmannsegg & Link

木犀科

Oleaceae
Forsythia sp.

Credit: Xiangying Wen

Description from Flora of China

Trees or erect or scandent shrubs. Branches and branchlets lenticellate. Leaves opposite, rarely alternate or whorled, simple, trifoliolate, or pinnately compound, without stipules; venation pinnate or palmate. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, in cymes, panicles, racemes, umbels, or fascicles. Flowers actinomorphic, bisexual, rarely unisexual or polygamous and plants monoecious, dioecious, or polygamodioecious. Calyx 4(-16)-lobed or -parted, rarely absent. Corolla 4(-16)-lobed, sometimes almost free to base, rarely absent; lobes sometimes united in pairs at base or into a very short tube. Stamens 2(-4), inserted on corolla tube or hypogynous; anthers dehiscing longitudinally; pollen 3-colpate or 3-colporate. Ovary superior, 2-loculed; ovules 2 in each locule, sometimes 1 or numerous. Style 1 or absent; stigma 2-lobed or capitate. Fruit a drupe, berry, capsule, or samara. Seeds with straight embryo, with or without endosperm; radicle curved upward or downward.

About 28 genera and over 400 species: tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions of world, but mainly in Asia. China has 10 genera and 160 species (95 endemic) and is the center of diversity for the genera Forsythia, Syringa, Osmanthus, and Ligustrum.

Many genera are important economically: Fraxinus and Forsythia (medicinal, ornamental); Jasminum, Osmanthus, and Syringa (spice, ornamental); Olea (oil); and Fraxinus (timber).

Chang Mei-chen, Miao Bo-mao, Lu Rui-ling, & Qiu Lian-qing in: Chang Mei-chen & Qiu Lian-qing, eds. 1992. Oleaceae. Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 61: 1-222.

(Authors: Chang Mei-chen, Qiu Lian-qing, Wei Zhi; Peter S. Green)

经济区 Economic Plants Area, 中心区 Central Area, 分类区 Classified Area, 药用植物园 Medicinal Plants Area, 木本花卉区 Woody Accrescent Area, 濒危园 Endangered Plants Garden, 标本园 Specimens Garden, 引种苗圃 Introducing Plants Nursery, 蒲岗保护区 Pu Gang Reserve

Lower Taxa


 

Related Objects  
  • Forsythia sp. (Xiangying Wen)
  • Image/JPEG

    A Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar  
  • Image gallery
  • Web Page
    Flora of Chile  
  • Family PDF
  • PDF
    Flora of China  
  • PDF File
  • PDF
    Interactive Keys by Xiangying Wen  
  • Forsythia sp. (Xiangying Wen)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Forsythia sp. (Xiangying Wen)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Jasminum angulare (Xiangying Wen)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Jasminum angulare (Xiangying Wen)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Jasminum nudiflorum (Xiangying Wen)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Jasminum sambac (Xiangying Wen)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Jasminum sp. (Xiangying Wen)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Oleaceae sp. (Xiangying Wen)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Osmanthus fragrans (Xiangying Wen)
  • Image/JPEG
  • Syringa sp. (Xiangying Wen)
  • Image/JPEG

     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |