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Sapotaceae A. L. Jussieu

山榄科

Description from Flora of China

Trees or shrubs, usually producing latex. Leaves spirally arranged or alternate and distichous, rarely ± opposite, sometimes crowded at apex of branchlets; stipules early deciduous or absent; leaf blade papery or leathery, margin entire. Flowers bisexual or unisexual, usually in sessile axillary clusters, rarely solitary; cluster pedunculate or in raceme-like inflorescence, bracteolate. Calyx a single whorl of usually 4--6 sepals, or 2 whorls each with 2--4 sepals. Corolla lobes as many to 2 X as many as sepals, usually entire, rarely with 2 lacerate or lobular appendages. Stamens inserted at corolla base or at throat of corolla tube, as many as and opposite corolla lobes to many and in 2 or 3 whorls; staminodes when present alternate with stamens, scaly to petal-like. Ovary superior, 4- or 5-locular, placentation axillary; ovules 1 per locule, anatropous. Style 1, often apically lobed. Fruit a berry or drupe, 1- to many-seeded. Seed coat brown (pale yellow in Pouteria annamensis), hard, shiny, rich in tannin; endosperm usually oily; seed scar lateral and linear to oblong or basal and round.

About 1100 species and 53 genera: pantropical; 11 genera and 24 species (six endemic) in China.

Li Shu-gang (as Lee Shu-kang). 1987. Sapotaceae. Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 60(1): 47-83.

(Authors: Li Shu-gang; T. D. Pennington)

经济区 Economic Plants Area, 中心区 Central Area, 分类区 Classified Area, 药用植物园 Medicinal Plants Area, 荫生植物区 Shady Plants Area, 木本花卉区 Woody Accrescent Area, 濒危园 Endangered Plants Garden, 标本园 Specimens Garden, 引种苗圃 Introducing Plants Nursery, 蒲岗保护区 Pu Gang Reserve

Lower Taxa


 

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