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Litsea Lam.


Description from Flora of China

Hexanthus Loureiro; Iozoste Nees; Malapoënna Adanson; Pseudolitsea Yen C. Yang; Tetranthera Jacquin.

Trees or shrubs, evergreen or deciduous, dioecious. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite or verticillate, pinninerved. Umbels, or umbellate cymes or panicles, solitary or clustered in leaf axils; involucral bracts 4-6, decussate, persistent at flowering. Perianth tube long or short, segments usually 6, in 2 whorls of 3 each, equal or unequal, rarely lacking or 8. Flowers unisexual. Male flowers: fertile stamens 9 or 12, rarely more, in 3 or 4 whorls of 3 each; filaments of 1st and 2nd whorls usually eglandular, of 3rd and 4th 2-glandular at base; anthers all introrse, 4-celled, cells opening by lids; rudimentary pistil present or lacking. Female flowers: staminodes as many as stamens of male flowers; ovary superior; style conspicuous. Fruit seated on perianth tube; perianth tube ± enlarged, shallowly discoid or deeply cup-shaped or unaltered at fruit.

Litsea mishmiensis J. D. Hooker (Fl. Brit. India 5: 161. 1886; see FRPS 31: 336. 1982) was described from the border region between NE India and SE Xizang.

Tetranthera floribunda Champion ex Bentham (Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 5: 199. 1853) was described from Hong Kong but could not be treated here because no material was seen by the present authors.

Litsea chaffanjonii H. Léveillé (Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 12: 182. 1913) is a synonym of Symplocos stellaris Brand in the Symplocaceae (see Fl. China 15: 250. 1996), according to Lauener (Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35: 279. 1977).

Litsea mairei H. Léveillé and L. myricopsis H. Léveillé (Cat. Pl. Yun-Nan, 150. 1916) are synonyms of Myrica nana A. Chevalier and M. esculenta Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don, respectively, in the Myricaceae (see Fl. China 4: 275-276. 1999), according to Lauener (Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 40: 505. 1983).

About 200 species: mainly in tropical and subtropical Asia, a few species in Australia and from North America to subtropical South America; 74 species (47 endemic) in China.

(Authors: Huang Puhua (黄普华 Huang Pu-hwa), Li Jie (李捷), Li Xiwen (李锡文 Li Hsi-wen); Henk van der Werff)

中心区 Central Area, 分类区 Classified Area, 药用植物园 Medicinal Plants Area, 苏铁园 Cycas Garden, 荫生植物区 Shady Plants Area, 木本花卉区 Woody Accrescent Area, 木兰园 Magnolia Garden, 濒危园 Endangered Plants Garden, 标本园 Specimens Garden, 引种苗圃 Introducing Plants Nursery, 蒲岗保护区 Pu Gang Reserve

Lower Taxa


Related Objects  

Flora of China  
  • LI, J. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of the Litsea complex and core Laureae (Lauraceae) using ITS
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  • Litsea (PDF)
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