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Dinghushan | Family List | Fagaceae | Castanea

Castanea mollissima Bl.

板栗

Description from Flora of China

Castanea bungeana Blume; C. duclouxii Dode; C. fargesii Dode; C. formosana (Hayata) Hayata; C. hupehensis Dode; C. mollissima var. pendula X. Y. Zhou & Z. D. Zhou; C. sativa Miller var. formosana Hayata; C. sativa var. mollissima (Blume) Pampanini; C. vulgaris Lamarck var. yunnanensis Franchet.

Trees to 20 m tall. Branchlets with short pubescence, often also with long spreading hairs. Petiole 1-2 cm; leaf blade elliptic-oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 10-17 cm or rarely shorter, at least along veins abaxially tomentose to softly pubescent, adaxially scalelike glands sometimes absent, base rounded to truncate, margin coarsely serrate, apex acute to acuminate. Male inflorescences 10-20 cm. Cupule densely covered with pubescent spinelike bracts. Nuts usually 2 or 3 per cupule, 2-3 cm in diam. or rarely narrower. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Aug-Oct.

Extensively cultivated for its edible nuts. Most collections are impossible to determine if they are cultivated, escaped, or native.

Cultivated or wild particularly on mountain slopes; near sea level to 2800 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Korea]

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 栽培

特征: 落叶乔木;叶背密被毛,壳斗有密刺,刺长1厘米,果霜降前后成熟

花期: 4

果期: 霜降前后成熟

生境: 栽培

用途: 种子供食用,为木本食树种之一;又供药用外敷筋骨断碎、肿痈瘀血,壳斗行气止咳,为栗球合剂克咳片原材这一;木材供作枕木、矿柱、船舵等用;树皮、壳斗可提制栲胶

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 栗、枫栗


 

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