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Dinghushan | Family List | Schisandraceae | Kadsura

Kadsura coccinea (Lem.) Smith

冷饭团

Description from Flora of China

Cosbaea coccinea Lemaire, Ill. Hort. 2: 71. 1855; Kadsura ananosma Kerr; K. cavaleriei H. Léveillé; K. chinensis Hance ex Bentham; K. coccinea var. sichuanensis Y. W. Law; K. hainanensis Merrill; Schisandra hanceana Baillon.

Plants glabrous throughout. Petiole 0.9-3(-4.1) cm; leaf blade elliptic to rarely ovate, 7-19 × 2.5-10 cm, papery to leathery, secondary veins 3-8(-12) on each side of midvein, base cuneate, broadly cuneate, or rarely truncate, margin entire or rarely denticulate, apex acute, shortly acuminate, or rarely obtuse. Flower peduncle 0.4-2(-3.1) cm (staminate), 0.7-3.8 cm (pistillate). Tepals 8-16(-24), white, red, purplish red, or occasionally yellowish, largest (0.8-)1.2-2.3 × 0.6-1.2(-1.5) cm. Staminate flowers: stamens 10-50; staminodes generally present at apex of torus. Pistillate flowers: carpels 20-68. Fruit peduncle 2.6-4.9 cm; apocarps red to purplish red, 1.4-2.4 × 0.7-1.7 cm. Seeds 1 or 2 per apocarp, pyriform, 1-1.8 × 0.7-1.1 cm. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Oct-Dec.

This species is used medicinally. The fruit is edible.

Semi-open shrublands and forests; (200-)400-1400(-1900) m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan [Myanmar, Vietnam].

生活型: 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 木质藤本;花红色或紫红色,聚合果 近球形,直径6--10厘米,肉质,状似饭团,果熟时红色或黑紫色,种子红色

花期: 4--6

果期: 7--10

生境: 生于自然林中

用途: 果熟时可食;根,茎入药,祛风止痛,行气活血,散瘀,治风湿关节炎,跌打肿痛,胃痛,肠胃炎等症,鲜叶外用治跌打扭伤

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 黑老虎、大钻、钻地风、大风藤(郁南)


 

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