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Dinghushan | Family List | Lauraceae | Machilus

Machilus velutina Champ. ex Benth.

绒楠

Description from Flora of China

Actinodaphne magniflora C. K. Allen; Persea velutina (Champion ex Bentham) Kostermans.

Trees, to 18 m tall; trunk ca. 40 cm d.b.h., all parts densely ferruginous tomentose. Petiole 1-2.5(-3) cm; leaf blade lustrous adaxially, narrowly obovate, elliptic, or narrowly ovate, 5-11(-18) × 2-2.5(-5.5) cm, leathery, midrib abaxially raised, slightly concave adaxially, lateral veins 8-11 pairs, abaxially conspicuously raised, veinlets very slender, inconspicuous, base cuneate, apex attenuate or shortly acuminate. Inflorescences terminal, 2-3 cm; peduncle very short. Flowers yellowish, fragrant, densely ferruginous tomentose. Perianth lobes slightly unequal, inner ones ovate, ca. 6 × 3 mm. Stamens ca. 5 mm; filaments of 3rd series tomentose at base, glands cordate, stipitate. Staminodes ca. 2 mm, tomentose. Ovary reddish when alive. Fruit purplish red, globose, ca. 4 mm in diam. Fl. Oct-Dec, fr. Feb-Mar.

Machilus velutina var. longipedunculata C. J. Qi (Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 1(1-2): 154. 1981) was described from Hunan but could not be treated here because no material was seen by the present authors.

Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang [Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam].

生活型: 乔木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 小乔木;木材坚硬,耐湿

果期: 2--3

生境: 生于林缘、路旁及疏林灌丛中;常见。

用途: 可作家具及细工用材;树皮作熏香原料及粘胶料;种子油供工业用

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 绒润楠


 

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