All Floras      Advanced Search
Login | eFloras Home | Help
Dinghushan | Family List | Hydrangeaceae | Dichroa

Dichroa febrifuga Lour.

常山

Description from Flora of China

?Cyanitis sylvatica Reinwardt ex Blume; ?Dichroa sylvatica (Reinwardt ex Blume) Merrill.

Shrubs 1-2 m tall. Branchlets, petioles, and veins glabrous or crisped pubescent. Petiole 1.5-5 cm; leaf blade sometimes purplish abaxially, elliptic, obovate, elliptic-oblong, or lanceolate, 6-25 × 2-10 cm, papery, abaxially glabrous or crisped pubescent along veins, rarely sparsely hirsute, adaxially glabrous, secondary veins 8-10 on both sides of midvein, base cuneate, margin serrate to coarsely so, rarely undulate, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescence a corymbose panicle, 3-20 cm. Flower buds obovoid, 6-10 mm; pedicel 3-5 mm. Calyx lobes 4-6, broadly deltoid, apex acute. Petals reflexed at maturity, blue or white, oblong-elliptic, slightly fleshy. Stamens 10-20; filaments connate when young, free at maturity, filiform; anthers ellipsoid. Ovary inferior to 3/4 so. Styles 4(-6), clavate; stigma oblong. Berry dark blue when mature, 3-7 mm in diam. Seeds ca. l mm. Fl. Feb-Apr, fr. May-Aug.

Dichroa sylvatica, from Indonesia, may be synonymous with D. febrifuga.

Dichroa febrifuga is used medicinally.

Mixed forests on mountain slopes or in valleys; 200-2000 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang [Bhutan, Cambodia, N India, ?Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 灌木

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 落叶灌木;

花期: 6

果期: 12

生境: 见于鸡笼山、九坑林下阴湿处

用途: 全株治疟症、跌打痨伤、支气管炎,并有解热、催吐之效;叶可作农药

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 黄常山


 

Related Objects  

Flora of China  
  • Illustration
  • Illustration

     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |