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Dinghushan | Family List | Mimosaceae | Entada

Entada phaseoloides (L.) Merr.

眼镜豆

Entada phaseoloides

Credit: Collected by Chen Bangyu

Description from Flora of China

Lens phaseoloides Linnaeus, Herb. Amboin. 18. 1754; En­tada koshunensis Hayata & Kanehira; E. scandens (Linnaeus) Bentham; Mimosa scandens Linnaeus.

Climbers, evergreen, large, woody. Stems often spirally twisted. Branches glabrous. Leaves 10-25 cm; petiole short; pinnae usually 2 pairs; leaflets 1 or 2 pairs, apical pair of pinnae transformed into a tendril, elliptic or narrowly obovate, 3-9 × 1.5-4.5 cm, leathery, base slightly oblique, apex obtuse, emar­ginate. Spikes 15-25 cm, solitary or arranged in a panicle, vil­lous; bracts pubescent. Flowers slightly fragrant. Calyx cam­panulate, ca. 2 mm, 5-toothed. Petals 5, green with reddish base, oblong, ca. 4 mm, glabrous, slightly united at base, apex acute. Stamens white, slightly longer than corolla. Ovary glabrous; style filiform. Legume curved, flat, to 1 m × 8-12 cm, with a parchmentlike endocarp. Seeds dark brown, orbicular, flat, 4-6 cm in diam.; testa brown, brilliant, woody. Fl. Mar-Jun, fr. Aug-Nov. 2n = 28.

This plant is poisonous; it is used medicinally.

Forests; 200-1300 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Tai­wan, Xizang, Yunnan [tropical and subtropical Asia; tropical Australia].

生活型: 藤本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 木质大藤本;茎扁,羽状复叶,中脉偏于上侧,豆荚大,种子扁圆形,种皮硬壳质,荔枝核色

果期: 6

生境: 生于山谷林中阴处

用途: 药用,茎藤祛风湿、通经络、活血散瘀,治风湿骨痛、跌打损伤、四肢麻木; 茎皮浸液能催吐下泻;纤维可制麻袋、造纸、人造棉原料;种子含淀粉和脂肪油,经处理后可食,并治血崩白带,种子、 茎皮含皂甙,又可代肥 皂,全株有毒

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 江龙


 

Related Objects  
  • Image/JPEG (Collected by Chen Bangyu)
  • Image/JPEG

    Flora of China  
  • Illustration
  • Illustration

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