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Dinghushan | Family List | Papilionaceae | Eriosema

Eriosema chinense Vogel


Description from Flora of China

Crotalaria tuberosa Buchanan-Hamilton ex D. Don; Eriosema himalaicum H. Ohashi.

Herbs, perennial, erect, 12-50 cm tall. Root tuber fusiform to globose, succulent. Stems densely villous. Leaves 1-foliolate; stipules linear to linear-lanceolate, 4-8 mm, hairy, persistent; petiolule ± absent; blade lanceolate, 1.5-7 × 0.4-1.5 cm, abax­ial surface shortly villous, adaxial surface and margins sparsely villous, base rounded or nearly cordate, apex obtuse or acute. Raceme axillary, extremely short, 1- or 2-flowered; bracts linear. Calyx campanulate, 3-5 mm, 5-lobed, brown villous. Corol­la pale yellow; standard obovate, base with 2 pendulous oblong auricles; wings obovate-oblong, auriculate on one side; keel shorter than wings, obovate-oblong. Ovary densely long hir­sute; style inflexed, glabrous. Legume rhomboid-elliptic or ob­long, 8-10 × 5-6 mm, black when mature, hirsute. Seeds 2, black, small, reniform; hilum linear, almost up to seed length; funicle at one end of hilum. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Jul-Oct.

The roots of Eriosema chinense are edible and are used medici­nally.

Mountains; 300-2000 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan [Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Australasia].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 一年生直立被毛草本;

果期: 5

生境: 生于山坡、路旁草地上

用途: 块根可食,也可提取淀粉及酿酒;入药有止咳化痰、生津止渴、补肾、清热毒,活血消肿之效,治痢疾、伤风咳嗽、跌打损伤、湿热腹痛、小儿麻疹后身体虚弱症等

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 雀利珠、鸡头薯


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Flora of China  
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