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Dinghushan | Family List | Polygalaceae | Salomonia

Salomonia cantoniensis Lour.

齿果草

Description from Flora of China

Salomonia cantoniensis var. edentula (Candolle) Gagnepain; S. edentula Candolle; S. subrotunda Hasskarl.

Herbs annual, erect, 5-25 cm tall. Roots slender, fragrant. Stem thin, multibranched, 3-winged, glabrous. Petiole 1.5-2 mm; leaf blade ovate-cordate or cordate, 5-16 × 5-12 mm, membranous, glabrous, 3-veined, base cordate or truncate, margin entire or slightly undulate, apex obtuse, mucronate. Spike terminal, 1-6 cm, elongated after anthesis. Flowers very small, 2-3 mm, sessile; bracts caducous, very small. Sepals 5, persistent, connate at base, linear-subulate, 0.4-0.5 mm. Petals pink-purple; lateral petals ca. 2.5 mm; keel ca. 3 mm. Filaments ca. 2 mm, united into an open sheath, inside of sheath arachnoid; anthers connate. Ovary reniform, ca. 1 mm in diam., margin narrowly triangular-denticulate; style ca. 2.5 mm; stigma slightly lobed. Capsule reniform, ca. 1 mm, ca. 2 mm in diam., both lateral margins pointedly triangular-denticulate; surface of capsule with protruding reticulations. Seeds 2, black, shiny, ovoid, ca. 1 mm in diam. Fl. Jun-Aug, fr. Aug-Oct.

Material with the margin of the capsule ± smooth (almost no denticulations) has been separated as Salomonia cantoniensis var. edentula, but as the degree of denticulation in this species is variable and as S. cantoniensis var. edentula is in all other aspects identical to S. cantoniensis, the variety is not here recognized.

Forests, forest margins, shrub forests, grasslands on hills and mountain slopes; 600-1500 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, S and SE Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Thailand].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 一年生直立小草本;

花期: 8--9

生境: 生于山坡、路旁、灌丛下至高山林下石上

用途: 全草入药,消肿解毒,止痛,治蛇伤,无名肿毒

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 莎萝莽、一碗泡、斩蛇剑


 

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