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Dinghushan | Family List | Umbelliferae | Centella

Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.


Description from Flora of China

Hydrocotyle asiatica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 234. 1753; H. lurida Hance.

Petiole 0.5–10(–30) cm; leaf blade orbicular or reniform, 1–4.5 × 1.5–5 cm, palmate veins 5–7, prominent, both surfaces glabrous or abaxially sparsely pubescent on the veins, base broadly cordate, coarsely toothed. Peduncles 2–4, clustered axillary, 0.2–1.5 cm; bracts 2 (rarely 3), ovate, 3–4 × 2.1–3 mm, persistent in fruit; umbels 3–4-flowered, capitate. Flowers sessile or subsessile. Petals white or rose-tinged. Fruit 2.1–3 × 2.2–3.6 mm. Fl. and fr. Apr–Oct.

This species is similar in appearance to, and is sometimes mistaken for, Dichondra micrantha Urban (Convolvulaceae). It is sometimes eaten, and is an important herb (“ji xue cao”) of traditional Chinese medicine.

Shady, wet, grassy places, river margins; 200–1900 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hubei, Hunan, S Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [widespread throughout tropical and subtropical countries worldwide, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Thailand, Vietnam].

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 多年生匍匐草本;

花期: 夏月

生境: 生于田边、屋旁阴湿地

用途: 全草药用,清热解毒,凉血、消炎、利尿,治感冒、扁桃体炎、肝炎等;又作凉茶;可解大茶药、木薯、毒蕈等中毒;又作农药及兽药

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 崩大碗、灯盏菜


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