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Dinghushan | Family List | Labiatae | Mosla

Mosla scabra (Thunb.) C. Y. Wu et H. W. Li


Description from Flora of China

Ocimum scabrum Thunberg, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2: 338. 1794; Mosla lanceolata (Bentham) Maximowicz; M. punctata (Thunberg) Maximowicz; Ocimum punctatum Thunberg; Ocimum punctulatum J. Gmelin; Orthodon lanceolatus (Bentham) Kudo; Orthodon punctatum (Thunberg) Kudo; Orthodon punctulatum (J. Gmelin) Ohwi; Orthodon scaber (Thunberg) Handel-Mazzetti; Perilla lanceolata Bentham.

Stems 20-100 cm tall, much branched, densely pubescent. Petiole 0.3-1.6(-2) cm; leaf blade ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 1.5-3.5 × 0.9-1.7 cm, papery, abaxially gray, subglabrous or sparsely pubescent, densely impressed glandular, base rounded to broadly cuneate, margin serrate, apex acute to obtuse. Racemes 2.5-15 cm; bracts ovate, 2.7-3.5 mm, densely fine white pilose. Calyx ca. 2.5 × 2 mm, pilose outside, limb 2-lipped; upper lip teeth ovate-lanceolate, apex acuminate, middle tooth smaller; lower lip teeth linear, apex acute; fruiting calyx to 4 × 3 mm, distinctly veined. Corolla reddish, 4-5 mm, puberulent, hairy annulate near base inside, tube gradually dilated at apex, upper lip straight, middle lobe of lower lip crenate. Nutlets yellow-brown; globose, ca. 1 mm in diam., pitted with small depressions. Fl. May-Nov, fr. Sep-Nov.

Used medicinally.

Hills, thickets; 0-1100 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Zhejiang [Japan, Vietnam]

生活型: 草本

栽培植物: 野生

特征: 一年生直立草本;茎紫色,四方形,被短柔毛,背面密生凹陷腺点;花冠紫色;花萼上唇具锐齿

花期: 夏秋

生境: 生于田边、路旁、屋旁

用途: 全草药用,祛风退热,治感冒发热等;枝叶含芳香油,可供调剂香精 用

门中名: 种子植物门

亚门中名: 被子植物亚门

纲中名: 双子叶植物纲

中文别名: 粗糙荠苎


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